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Cointegration, Error Correction and the Demand for Money in Saudi Arabia




This study investigates the determinants of the money demand function in Saudi Arabia. The Saudi economy was instable during the period 1977-1997 because of its dependence on the production of oil. This dependence affects sharply the rates of growth and the rates of inflation. The integration and cointegration proprieties of the data are analyzed and the model of error correction is used to estimate the demand for money. This paper concludes that even in the period of high instability in the economy, there exists a stationarity in the long run demand for narrow money (Ml) in Saudi Arabia.

Suggested Citation

  • Alkhatib Alkswani, Mamdouh & Al-Towaijari, Hamad A., 1999. "Cointegration, Error Correction and the Demand for Money in Saudi Arabia," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 52(3), pages 299-308.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0267

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Eichengreen, Barry & Rose, Andrew K & Wyplosz, Charles, 1996. "Contagious Currency Crises," CEPR Discussion Papers 1453, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Graciela Kaminsky & Saul Lizondo & Carmen M. Reinhart, 1998. "Leading Indicators of Currency Crises," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 45(1), pages 1-48, March.
    3. Obstfeld, Maurice, 1986. "Rational and Self-fulfilling Balance-of-Payments Crises," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 72-81, March.
    4. Paul R Masson, 1998. "Contagion; Monsoonal Effects, Spillovers, and Jumps Between Multiple Equilibria," IMF Working Papers 98/142, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Krugman, Paul, 1979. "A Model of Balance-of-Payments Crises," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 11(3), pages 311-325, August.
    6. Frankel, Jeffrey A. & Rose, Andrew K., 1996. "Currency crashes in emerging markets: An empirical treatment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-4), pages 351-366, November.
    7. van der Ploeg, Frederick, 1989. "The Political Economy of Overvaluation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 850-855, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nasri Harb, 2007. "Trade between Euro zone and Arab countries: a panel study," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(16), pages 2099-2107.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money


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