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Money, Income, Inflation and the Acceleration Principle

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Abstract

In this paper we develop a simple dynamic New Keynesian type model using the multiplier – accelerator principle in our effort to determine the time paths of income, actual and expected inflation towards their long – run equilibrium values. Assuming that expectations are adaptive, we determine and solve a second order system of difference equations with constant coefficients. The dynamic properties of the system as well as the parameters that affect the speed of convergence towards the equilibrium are examined and are tested through a simulation procedure. Moreover, we present the simulation results concerning the effects on the equilibrium values of real stock of money, real income and actual and expected inflation, which ensue from the exercise of an expansionary fiscal policy on behalf of government and/or the intervention of Central Bank in money market in order to achieve it’s goal.

Suggested Citation

  • Karpetis, Christos & Varelas, Erotokritos, 2005. "Money, Income, Inflation and the Acceleration Principle," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 58(2), pages 179-201.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0111
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    Keywords

    Accelerator; money supply; income; inflation; expectations; fluctuations; business cycles;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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