IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Endogenous and Exogenous Money Concepts: An Empirical Investigation from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Registered author(s):

    This study examines the long run equilibrium relationship between the demand for loans and deposits in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) using the Cointegration technique. In addition, the study investigates both the short run dynamics and the direction of the causality in the long and short run between the demand for loans and deposits in order to test the endogeneity/ exogeneity of money supply utilizing the vector error correction model (VECM) technique and the Wu-Hausman exogeneity test. The Cointegration test indicates the existence of long run equilibrium between loans and deposits. The causality tests indicate that there is a unidirectional causal relationship from deposits to loans in the long but not in the short run. In addition, the Wu-Hausman exogeneity test indicates that the null hypothesis of exogeneity of loans and GNPin the deposits equation could not be rejected. This result indicates that money supply is not endogenous since the demand for credit does not create money. Instead, one may conclude that money supply is mostly exogenously determined under the control of the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA).

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    Article provided by Camera di Commercio di Genova in its journal Economia Internazionale / International Economics.

    Volume (Year): 59 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 143-159

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0082
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Via Garibaldi 4, 16124 Genova, Italy
    Phone: +39 010 27041
    Fax: +39 010 2704222
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0082. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Angela Procopio)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.