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Tax-Spend or Spend-Tax: An Ampirical Survey on Turkey


  • Akca, Hasim

    () (Cukurova University)

  • Bilgin, Cevat

    (Cukurova University)


In general, governments attempt to prepare balanced budgets. But countries’ specific economic conditions often lead to politicians to prepare budgets with deficits. However, if the economic policies can not be sustained, economic crisis become unavoidable. There is a causal relationship between tax revenues and increase in public expenditures. This relation could take the form of tax-spend or spend-tax, or both instruments could be synchronized. This study examines Turkey’s budget in respect to taxation and public expenditures. Examination of data for 1924-2009 suggests that it is better first to collect tax revenues and then plan the public spending program.

Suggested Citation

  • Akca, Hasim & Bilgin, Cevat, 2013. "Tax-Spend or Spend-Tax: An Ampirical Survey on Turkey," Business and Economics Research Journal, Uludag University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 4(1), pages 143-143, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:buecrj:0114

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    More about this item


    Tax-spend; Spend-tax; Fiscal Synchronization; Cointegration;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • H69 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Other
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures


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