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The Demographic Effects of Covid-19: Any Hope for Working Populations?


  • Olunkwa, Chidi N.

    (Department of Economics, University of Lagos. Nigeria.)

  • Adenuga, Juliet I.

    (Department of Economics, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria)

  • Salaudeen, Mohammed Bashir

    (Department of Economics, Lead City University, Ibadan, Nigeria.)

  • Mesagan, Ekundayo P.

    (School of Management and Social Sciences, Pan Atlantic University, Lagos, Nigeria)


This study investigates the demographic effects of COVID-19, by focusing on the global working population. The study was done on a continental level, by looking at countries that were highly hit by the novel coronavirus pandemic, and the age range most affected by the pandemic. The findings of the study show that the ageing population is the worst hit in most of the regions, while in countries like Russia, Germany, Mexico, Iran, Ecuador, Pakistan, Brazil, Chile, and New Zealand, the active working population is mostly affected. Again, of the most COVID 19 deaths, a larger percentage were males with lesser females. Hence, the government at all levels should endeavour to give adequate health care attention to the ageing population especially in the area of providing required drugs at an affordable price. Also, there is a silver lining in the post-COVID era in terms of employment generation since the active workforce in several countries are adversely affected by the COVID 19 pandemic.

Suggested Citation

  • Olunkwa, Chidi N. & Adenuga, Juliet I. & Salaudeen, Mohammed Bashir & Mesagan, Ekundayo P., 2021. "The Demographic Effects of Covid-19: Any Hope for Working Populations?," BizEcons Quarterly, Strides Educational Foundation, vol. 15(1), pages 3-12.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:buecqu:0031

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    Cited by:

    1. Yusuf, Ismaila Akanni & Salaudeen, Mohammed Bashir & Agbonrofo, Hope, 2021. "Social and Economic Drivers of Stock Market Performance in Nigeria," MPRA Paper 111086, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Ismaila Akanni Yusuf & Mohammed Bashir Salaudeen & Hope Agbonrofo, 2021. "Social and Economic Drivers of Stock Market Performance in Nigeria," Journal of Economic Impact, Science Impact Publishers, vol. 3(3), pages 137-143.
    3. Mesagan, Ekundayo Peter & Charles, Ayobola Olufolake & Vo, Xuan Vinh, 2023. "The relevance of resource wealth in output growth and industrial development in Africa," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
    4. Ismaila Akanni Yusuf & Mohammed Bashir Salaudeen & Isaac Azubuike Ogbuji, 2022. "Exchange Rate Fluctuation and Inflation Nexus in Nigeria: The Case of Recent Recession," Journal of Economic Impact, Science Impact Publishers, vol. 4(1), pages 81-87.

    More about this item


    COVID-19 Pandemic; Demographic Effects; Working Population;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • N36 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Latin America; Caribbean


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