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Gendered Socio-economic Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Rural Zimbabwe


  • Ndhlovu, Emmanuel

    (Department of Development Studies, University of South Africa.)

  • Tembo, Archiford

    (Department of Social Work, University of Zimbabwe.)


Zimbabwe is one of the few countries that have, so far, been least affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of recorded cases and fatalities. However, the country has not been exempted from the socio-economic consequences engendered by national lockdowns, and the restrictions on the movements of people and goods across the world. The consequences have been particularly heavy on the rural female (women, adolescents, and girls) who, in addition to their social reproduction and voluntary caregiver roles to children, the elderly, and the sick, are also responsible for a number of responsibilities including ensuring household food security through petty food production, purchase, and meal preparations. Using empirical evidence gathered from social work practitioners directly working with females across rural Zimbabwe and the gender and power theory, the article argues that COVID-19 responses including the national lockdown and social distancing in Zimbabwe have resulted in increased sexual and gender-based violence, sexual exploitation, early/forced marriages and pregnancies, increased sexual reproductive health risks, uneven information accessibility, and poor education outcomes, etc for rural females in Zimbabwe.

Suggested Citation

  • Ndhlovu, Emmanuel & Tembo, Archiford, 2020. "Gendered Socio-economic Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Rural Zimbabwe," BizEcons Quarterly, Strides Educational Foundation, vol. 12, pages 21-40.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:buecqu:0025

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    Cited by:

    1. Bélair, Joanny & van der Haar, Gemma & Wieckardt, Chantal & Wangu, James & Githuku, Fridah & Atukunda, Judith & Sebbanja, Junior Alves & Mudinga, Emery & Nghitevelekwa, Romie Vonkie & Bichehe, Júlio &, 2023. "COVID-19 in Sub-Saharan Africa: Impacts on land, governance, and livelihoods," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C).

    More about this item


    COVID-19; gender-based violence; livelihoods;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being


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