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Les déterminants du travail autonome au Québec et au Canada (1993-2010)

Author

Listed:
  • Fonseca, Raquel

    () (UQAM et CIRANO)

  • Lord, Simon

    () (Université du Québec à Montréal)

Abstract

This paper studies the determinants of self-employment in Québec and in the rest of Canada by focusing on liquidity constraints, age and aggregate unemployment. We use a random effects probit model to analyse panel data from the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) for the period 1993-2010. The main results are as follows. The positive effect of investment income on the probability of being self-employed confirms the existence of liquidity constraints. Being older increases the probability of choosing self-employment, rather than salaried work. This suggests that working for oneself may be a stepping stone towards retirement. High unemployment decreases the probability of being self-employed, suggesting that pull factors dominate push factors. Résumé – Cet article analyse les déterminants du travail autonome au Québec et dans le reste du Canada en se concentrant sur les contraintes de liquidité, l’âge et le chômage agrégé. Nous utilisons les données en panel de l’Enquête sur la dynamique du travail et du revenu (EDTR) couvrant la période 1993-2010. Les résultats principaux tirés du modèle avec effets aléatoires sont les suivants : l’effet positif des revenus de placement sur la probabilité d’être travailleur autonome confirme la présence de contraintes financières; être plus âgé accroît la probabilité de choisir le travail autonome, suggérant que ce type d’emploi peut être un tremplin vers la retraite; un chômage élevé diminue la probabilité d’être à son compte ce qui suggère que les facteurs de pull dominent sur les facteurs de push.

Suggested Citation

  • Fonseca, Raquel & Lord, Simon, 2016. "Les déterminants du travail autonome au Québec et au Canada (1993-2010)," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 92(3), pages 489-513, Septembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:0151
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bruce, Donald, 2000. "Effects of the United States tax system on transitions into self-employment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 545-574, September.
    2. Fonseca, Raquel & Michaud, Pierre-Carl & Sopraseuth, Thepthida, 2007. "Entrepreneurship, Wealth, Liquidity Constraints and Start-up Costs," IZA Discussion Papers 2874, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Fonseca, Raquel & Michaud, Pierre-Carl & Sopraseuth, Thepthida, 2007. "Entrepreneurship, Wealth, Liquidity Constraints and Start-up Costs," IZA Discussion Papers 2874, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    19. repec:pri:cepsud:71rosen is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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