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Alimentos kilométricos y gases de efecto invernadero: Análisis del transporte de las importaciones de alimentos en el Estado español (1995-2007)

Author

Listed:
  • Xavier Simón Fernández

    () (Universidad de Vigo)

  • Damián Copena Rodríguez

    () (Universidad de Vigo)

  • David Pérez Neira

    () (Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

  • Manuel Delgado Cabeza

    () (Universidad de Sevilla)

  • Marta Soler Montiel

    () (Universidad de Sevilla)

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza la presión ambiental de las importaciones alimentarias en el Estado español durante el período 1995- 2007 a través de tres indicadores biofísicos: la cantidad de alimentos importados (t), las emisiones de CO2-eq y la distancia recorrida por los alimentos o “food miles” (km). El análisis se realiza según medios de transporte (aéreo, ferrocarril, carretera y marítimo) y por países para 10 grupos de productos de la división “alimentos y animales vivos” de la Clasificación Uniforme para el Comercio Internacional (CUCI) de Naciones Unidas a partir de las estadísticas públicas de comercio internacional de la base de datos de libre acceso DataComex.

Suggested Citation

  • Xavier Simón Fernández & Damián Copena Rodríguez & David Pérez Neira & Manuel Delgado Cabeza & Marta Soler Montiel, 2014. "Alimentos kilométricos y gases de efecto invernadero: Análisis del transporte de las importaciones de alimentos en el Estado español (1995-2007)," Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, vol. 22, pages 1-16, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev22_01
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    Keywords

    Importaciones; alimentación; sistema agroalimentario; food miles; comercio internacional alimentario; modos de transporte; indicadores ambientales;

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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