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Custos ecológicos: dilemas dacotonicultura em Mato Grosso

Author

Listed:
  • Alexandre Magno De Melo Faria

    () (Universida de Federal de Mato Grosso)

  • Indio Campos

    () (Universidade Federal do Pará)

Abstract

Este trabalho discute os dilemas ecológicos do capital aplicado na cotonicultura no estado de Mato Grosso, no Centro- Oeste do Brasil. O modelo tecnológico utilizado é o chamado de “revolução verde”, que se inicia com corte raso da mata nativa e depois estabelece culturas dependentes de insumos químicos, que geram erosão, perda de nutrientes do solo e perda de funções ecossistêmicas. A perda da fertilidade natural força o uso cada vez maior de agrotóxicos e fertilizantes. A estagnação da produtividade da terra conjugada com a elevação dos custos do trabalho mecânico e dos insumos aumenta o custo de produção de algodão, gerando dúvidas sobre a capacidade de competição do ramo. É desta forma que se expressam os custos ecológicos na monocultura do algodão no trópico úmido. Este modelo tecnológico não apresenta sinais de evolução rumo a uma nova racionalidade produtiva agroecológica necessária para recuperar a estrutura e a funcionalidade dos ecossistemas naturais locais e a revitalizar os sistemas de cotonicultura da região.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandre Magno De Melo Faria & Indio Campos, 2012. "Custos ecológicos: dilemas dacotonicultura em Mato Grosso," Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, vol. 19, pages 42-53, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev19_04
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cotonicultura; Mato Grosso; Custo ecológico;

    JEL classification:

    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling

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