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Las ganancias del comercio y el intercambio desigual en los modelos del comercio internacional

Author

Listed:
  • Francisco Martínez Soler

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Almería)

  • Andrei Martínez Finkelshtein

    (Departamento de Estadística y Matemática Aplicada. Universidad de Almería)

Abstract

Se examina el problema del intercambio desigual de trabajo entre países desarrollados y en desarrollo y su vinculación con las condiciones del comercio de beneficio mutuo. Para ello se utilizan los principales modelos teóricos del comercio internacional basado en las ventajas comparativas, y se amplía al caso de dos factores el concepto de relación de intercambio de trabajo derivada del comercio. Como resultado se concluye que el intercambio desigual es inherente al comercio entre países de diferente nivel de desarrollo cuando éste se basa en el beneficio mutuo, y que juega un papel en la apertura de la brecha en la renta per cápita entre dichos países.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Martínez Soler & Andrei Martínez Finkelshtein, 2005. "Las ganancias del comercio y el intercambio desigual en los modelos del comercio internacional," Revista de Economía Crítica, Asociación de Economía Crítica, vol. 4, pages 115-140.
  • Handle: RePEc:ret:ecocri:rec04_06
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Christopher A. Sims, 2006. "Rational Inattention: Beyond the Linear-Quadratic Case," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(2), pages 158-163, May.
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