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¿Es la inversión extranjera directa manufacturera un motor de desarrollo económico? Reflexiones a partir del análisis de dos casos aparentemente diferentes

  • Lucas Van Wunnik
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    RESUMEN En este trabajo, intentamos, a partir del análisis de dos casos aparentemente muy diferentes entre si, una filial maquiladora taiwanesa del sector textil en Nicaragua y una filial manufacturera de Sony en el País de Gales, verificar la existencia de las ventajas atribuidas por muchos investigadores a la inversión extranjera directa manufacturera en las economías periféricas. Las similitudes negativas halladas en estos dos casos, nos lleva a tener dudas en lo que se refiere a la contribución supuestamente universal de dicha inversión al potencial de desarrollo a largo plazo de la economía de acogida. ABSTRACT Using the analysis of two apparently very different cases, a Taiwanese maquiladora subsidiary of the garment industry in Nicaragua and Sony’s manufacturing subsidiary in Wales, we try to verify the existence of the benefits attributed by many scholars to manufacturing foreign direct investment in the peripheral economies. The invalidating similarities found in the two cases cast doubts upon the supposedly universal contribution of this investment to the long-term development potential of the host economy. S e agradece el apoyo ofreci

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    Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

    Volume (Year): 02 (2008)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 211-248

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    Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:02:y:2008:p:211-248
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    1. Blomstrom, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 1997. "How foreign investment affects host countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1745, The World Bank.
    2. N. A. Phelps & Danny Mackinnon & Ian Stone & Paul Braidford, 2003. "Embedding the Multinationals? Institutions and the Development of Overseas Manufacturing Affiliates in Wales and North East England," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(1), pages 27-40.
    3. Lowe, Nichola & Kenney, Martin, 1999. "Foreign Investment and the Global Geography of Production: Why the Mexican Consumer Electronics Industry Failed," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 1427-1443, August.
    4. Romer, Paul, 1993. "Idea gaps and object gaps in economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 543-573, December.
    5. Munday, Max & Pickernell, David & Roberts, Annette, 1999. "The Effectiveness of Regional Grant Aid: A Welsh Perspective," ERSA conference papers ersa99pa321, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Barry Wilkinson, 2001. "The New International Division of Labour in Asian Electronics: Work Organization and Human Resources in Japan and Malaysia," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(5), pages 675-695, 07.
    7. Susan Helper, 2000. "Economists and Field Research: "You Can Observe a Lot Just by Watching."," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 228-232, May.
    8. Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 2003. "The Economics of Foreign Direct Investment Incentives," EIJS Working Paper Series 168, The European Institute of Japanese Studies.
    9. Peter J Buckley & Mark C Casson, 1998. "Models of the Multinational Enterprise," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 29(1), pages 21-44, March.
    10. Kamal Saggi, 2002. "Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and International Technology Transfer: A Survey," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 17(2), pages 191-235, September.
    11. Nigel Driffield & Max Munday & Annette Roberts, 2002. "Foreign Direct Investment, Transactions Linkages, and the Performance of the Domestic Sector," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 335-351.
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