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Eficiencia de las empresas del distrito industrial cerámico de Castellón: Un análisis comparativo mediante medidas no radiales

  • F. Xavier Molina Morales
  • M. Teresa Martínez Fernández
  • Vicente Coll Serrano

RESUMEN: La homogeneidad de las empresas pertenecientes al distrito industrial ha sido asumida tradicionalmente en la literatura sobre el tema. Sin embargo, diversos autores han señalado la posibilidad de identificar subredes de relaciones diferentes dentro del mismo. Así, atendiendo a variables relacionales, puede hablarse de la existencia de una core network y de una periphery network (Morrison y Rabellotti, 2005), con diferencias en su comportamiento y resultados. En este trabajo se pretende investigar, para el caso del distrito industrial de la cerámica de Castellón (España), la existencia de diferencias significativas en eficiencia entre estos dos grupos de empresas. Para ello se recurre a una metodología que permite estimar medidas no radiales de eficiencia, obteniéndose para cada una de las empresas un índice de eficiencia de cada uno de los inputs considerados al caracterizar el proceso de transformación, y a partir de estos una medida de eficiencia global. La confirmación de la heterogeneidad interna concita nuevas líneas de trabajo en el campo de los distritos industriales. ABSTRACT: Scholars and practitioners have been led to rethink the principles of territorial systems, such as industrial district. Some authors have pointed the possibility to identified diverse networks of relations inside one district. For instance, and based on relational variables, can be found two different networks: Core and Periphery (Morrison and Rabellotti, 2005). These groups of firms vary in terms of behavior and performance. This research explores for the case of the Spanish ceramic tile industrial district the existence of significant differences in efficiency between the two groups of firms. Findings confirming internal heterogeneity suggest new lines of research in this field.

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Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

Volume (Year): 01 (2011)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 155-177

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Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:01:y:2011:p:155-177
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