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Caracterización de los usos del agua en la Demarcación del Guadalquivir en aplicación de la Directiva Marco de Aguas

  • Julia Martín Ortega
  • Carlos Gutiérrez Martín
  • Julio Berbel Vecino
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    RESUMEN Esta investigación recoge la caracterización de los usos del agua, entendida como la estimación de presiones ejercidas por los usos sobre el recurso, así como la proyección de tendencias de dichas presiones en el futuro, en el contexto de aplicación del artículo 5 de la Directiva Marco de Aguas al Guadalquivir. La metodología responde al esquema presión-impacto-respuesta y los resultados obtenidos suponen un paso necesario para la identificación de la brecha entre los objetivos de la Directiva y la situación prevista; sirviendo de punto de partida para el Programa de Medidas y los Planes de Cuenca. Se prevé la llegada en 2015 a una situación insostenible con el uso de más del 50% de los recursos renovables, debido al mantenimiento de la gran presión agrícola y el incremento de los usos urbanos, industriales y turísticos. ABSTRACT This paper shows the characterization of water uses, in terms of pressure over resources, on the Guadalquivir River Basin (Southern Spain) and its trends for 2015. This research proposes a specific implementation model for the execution of the UE Water Framework Directive (WFD), based on a pressure-impact-response scheme. The study foresees an unsustainable situation for 2015 in which water consumption will exceed 50% of renewable resources, due to the expected maintenace of great agricultural pressure and the increase of urban, industrial and tourist water uses. The results of this study should be considered as a first step on the WFD implementation, which should be completed by the economic assessment of the measures to achieve the Directive objectives.

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    Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

    Volume (Year): 01 (2008)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 45-76

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    Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:01:y:2008:p:45-76
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    1. Eduardo Moyano & Fernando Garrido & Clemente J. Navarro Yañez & Begoña Buiza, 2004. "La cuestión hídrica en Andalucía. Actitudes y valores de los andaluces respecto al problema del agua," Revista de Estudios Regionales, Universidades Públicas de Andalucía, vol. 2, pages 85-116.
    2. Arriaza Balmón, Manuel & Gomez-Limon, Jose A. & Upton, Martin, 2002. "Local water markets for irrigation in southern Spain: A multicriteria approach," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 46(1), March.
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