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La dimensión regional de la UE y el proceso de debate sobre el futuro de Europa

  • Cristina Ares Castro-Conde
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    RESUMEN El objetivo de este trabajo es explicar el reforzamiento de la dimensión regional de la UE en el Tratado por el que se establece una Constitución para Europa. El artículo incorpora ciertos instrumentos del acervo teórico del neo-institucionalismo sociológico y el constructivismo a una perspectiva que se mantiene fundamentalmente intergubernamentalista con el propósito de llamar la atención no sólo sobre la dimensión estratégica sino también sobre la dimensión normativa que subyace a todo proceso de reforma institucional. La evidencia presentada permite concluir que el fortalecimiento del papel de las regiones en el texto del Tratado Constitucional es fruto de un compromiso entre los Ejecutivos centrales de los Estados miembros con regiones poderosas en su seno, capaces de influir en la posición negociadora de su respectivo Gobierno central, y el resto de Gobiernos centrales de la Unión, indiferentes o contrarios a las demandas de los actores regionales. Se constata también que el “discurso democrático” en favor de la descentralización política tuvo importancia tanto en la definición de la posición negociadora de algunos Estados miembros como en el proceso negociador mismo, dificultando un hipotético veto a los logros del lobby territorial en la Conferencia Intergubernamental. ABSTRACT The aim of this paper is to explain the reinforcement of EU regional dimension in the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. The article incorporates certain sociological neo-institutionalism and constructivism devices into a perspective which rests fundamentally intergubernamentalist with the purpose of shedding light not only on the strategic dimension but also on the normative one underlying all institutional reform processes. The conclusion is that the strengthening of EU regional authorities was a compromise between, on the one hand, some central executives of member states with powerful regions within them capable of influencing their bargaining positions and, on the other hand, other member states which were reluctant to regional demands. Indeed, the “democratic discourse” in favour of political decentralization did influence the definition of the bargaining position of some member states and, above all, it made more difficult to veto territorial gains at the Intergovernmental Conference.

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    Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

    Volume (Year): 01 (2008)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 149-170

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    Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:01:y:2008:p:149-170
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    1. Gary Marks & Liesbet Hooghe, 2000. "Optimality and Authority: A Critique of Neoclassical Theory," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(5), pages 795-816, December.
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