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Matrices insumo-producto y análisis de multiplicadores: una aplicación a Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Gustavo Hernández

Abstract

El análisis insumo-producto es ampliamente usado en distintos escenarios, ya que es de fácil implementación e interpretación. Sin embargo, es importante tomar en cuenta que los coeficientes de la matriz insumo-producto se deben construir con precaución, sobre todo en el caso de que exista producción secundaria en los sectores, ya que esto puede implicar coeficientes negativos. Para sortear este problema se construyeron los coeficientes en forma indirecta, con datos de las cuentas nacionales del año 2007, base 2000. A partir de estos nuevos coeficientes se hace un análisis tradicional de multiplicadores y se obtienen los sectores claves de la economía. Los resultados son sensibles al nivel de desagregación que se utilice.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustavo Hernández, 2012. "Matrices insumo-producto y análisis de multiplicadores: una aplicación a Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 14(26), pages 203-221, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:14:y:2012:i:26:p:203-221
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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/ghernandez26.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Julián VILLAMIL S & Gustavo HERNÁNDEZ, 2015. "Encadenamientos, Clústeres y Flujos de Trabajo en Economía Colombiana," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 012649, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    2. Julián VILLAMIL S & Gustavo HERNANDEZ, 2015. "Encadenamientos, Clústeres y Flujos de Trabajo en la Economía Colombiana," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 012647, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    matrices insumo-producto; multiplicadores; relaciones intersectoriales;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis

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