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Encadenamientos, clústeres y flujos de trabajo en la economía colombiana

Author

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  • Julián Villamil S.

    ()

  • Gustavo Hernández

Abstract

Conocer de manera profunda las relaciones de interdependencia de la estructura económica es de gran importancia en el ejercicio de diseño de políticas económicas. Este trabajo usa el modelo insumo-producto para el análisis económico. Se aplican 2 enfoques no usados tradicionalmente para la economía colombiana: análisis de descomposición espectral (Dietzenbacher, 1992) e identificación de clústeres (Garbellini y Wirkierman, 2014). El resultado es la construcción de indicadores de encadenamientos sin sesgo de sobrestimación o subestimación, y la identificación de clústeres de manera endógena. Adicionalmente se derivan los flujos de trabajo incorporado que se propagan a través de la red productiva. Cada uno de estos flujos se descompone en indicadores que permiten caracterizar los clústeres de acuerdo a su cercanía con la demanda final, su grado de cohesión con la red y su importancia para el resto del sistema.******To design economic policy, it is very important to know in depth the interdependence of the economic structure. This work uses the input-output (I/O) model for economic analysis. Two approaches, not traditionally used, are applied to analyse the Colombian economy: spectrum of different I/O coefficient matrices (Dietzenbacher, 1992) and clustering techniques (Garbellini y Wirkierman, 2014). As a result, indicators of linkages are obtained without bias of overestimation or underestimation. Additionally, clusters are identified endogenously. Furthermore, embodied labour flows that spread through the network-production are calculated. Each of these flows is broken down into indicators that characterise the clusters according to their proximity to final demand, to their degree of cohesion to the network, and to their importance for the rest of the system.

Suggested Citation

  • Julián Villamil S. & Gustavo Hernández, 2016. "Encadenamientos, clústeres y flujos de trabajo en la economía colombiana," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 34(79), pages 41-65, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:014432
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    Cited by:

    1. Julian Andres VILLAMIL & Luis Felipe QUINTERO & Gustavo Adolfo HERNANDEZ-DIAZ, 2019. "La estructura sectorial de Colombia: Un análisis insumo-producto," Archivos de Economía 017505, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    2. Gustavo Hernández & Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Adrián Zuur, 2016. "Una Matriz de Contabilidad Social para el sector rural colombiano," Informes de Investigación 015418, Fedesarrollo.
    3. Gustavo Adolfo HERNÁNDEZ & Juan Mauricio RAMIREZ & Adrian ZUUR, 2016. "Una matriz de contabilidad social para el sector rural," Archivos de Economía 015131, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    4. Julian Andres VILLAMIL & Luis Felipe QUINTERO & Gustavo Adolfo HERNANDEZ-DIAZ, 2019. "Generación de empleos y clústeres," Archivos de Economía 017506, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    5. Julián VILLAMIL SANCHEZ, 2016. "Cálculo de la Productividad Sectorial en Colombia con Herramientas Insumo-Producto," Archivos de Economía 014585, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Clústeres; Insumo-producto; Encadenamientos; Descomposición espectral;

    JEL classification:

    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • E01 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth; Environmental Accounts
    • B51 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Socialist; Marxian; Sraffian

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