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Racionalidad limitada en la sociedad del riesgo mundial

Author

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  • Francisco Augusto Laca Arocena

Abstract

Durante muchas décadas se ha pretendido que la teoría económica de la elección racional es la teoría general del comportamiento humano de la que carecen las ciencias sociales. Este artículo señala algunas de sus limitaciones. La psicología cognitiva describe los sesgos cognitivos de las personas cuando evalúan la información y eligen entre opciones, los cuales ponen en cuestión la idea de que la mente humana está programada para obrar según los supuestos de la elección racional. Por otra parte, el aumento de los riesgos económicos, ecológicos y geopolíticos en esta época de globalización ha llevado a acuñar el término “sociedad del riesgo mundial”. El tema de los límites de nuestra racionalidad en la toma de decisiones cobra preocupante actualidad por la necesidad de afrontar esos riesgos globales crecientes.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Augusto Laca Arocena, 2012. "Racionalidad limitada en la sociedad del riesgo mundial," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 14(26), pages 121-135, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:14:y:2012:i:26:p:121-135
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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/flaca26.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Acevedo Rueda, Rafael Alexis, 2013. "El proceso de toma de decisiones: un modelo de economía conductual
      [The Decision Making Process: A Behavioral Economics Model]
      ," MPRA Paper 50890, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Sep 2013.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    elección racional; sociedad del riesgo; sesgos cognitivos;

    JEL classification:

    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness

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