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Les exploitations bios face à leurs contextes. Des stratégies diversifiées et interdépendantes


  • Jean Nizet

    (Université de Namur, Université Catholique de Louvain, B-5000 Namur, Belgique)

  • Denise Van Dam

    (Université de Namur, B-5000 Namur, Belgique)


[paper in French]This article starts from the observation that organic farms survive and expand, despite the difficulties they face. We analyze these processes by means of organization theories and in particular the Resource Dependence Theory (RDT). We interviewed some thirty organic farmers twice in an interval of ten years in order to identify how they depend on their environments (economic, legal, etc.) and which strategies they implement to have control on them. These strategies are highly diverse, from one farm to another, they are also very unstable and they are characterized by multiple links between them. This analysis of the strategies of organic farmers completes usefully the empirical researches on organic farming; it also questions the assumptions of the RTD, to which we confer a more systemic dimension.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean Nizet & Denise Van Dam, 2014. "Les exploitations bios face à leurs contextes. Des stratégies diversifiées et interdépendantes," Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies - Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 95(2), pages 177-202.
  • Handle: RePEc:rae:jourae:v:95:y:2014:i:2:p:177-202

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    More about this item


    organic farming; organization; strategy; dependency; context;

    JEL classification:

    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets


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