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Un parti paysan dans la ville en Bolivie : le Mouvement vers le socialisme (MAS) à La Paz (2005-2010)


  • Hervé Do Alto

    () (EA 1198, ERMES, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Faculté de droit et de science politique, avenue du Doyen Louis Trotabas, 06050 Nice cedex 01, France)


[paper in French] The takeover of the Bolivian presidency by the peasant trade-unionist Evo Morales and his party, the Movement towards Socialism (MAS), in 2005 not only marked the return of the left into the national political arena, but illustrates as well the raise, begun in the mid 90s, of the peasantry as an autonomous protagonist of Bolivian politics, in a context of growing urbanisation. This article focuses on the political and social conditions prior to the electoral triumph of MAS in a supposedly hostile environment: the cities. On the basis of an ethnographic research carried out within the working-class districts of La Paz, this work aims to show how a particular partisan configuration that favours its rural membership acts as a constraint for the party’s implantation in urban areas. Nevertheless, this fact does not turn into an obstacle, mainly due to the control that MAS holds on public jobs, which plays a key role in maintaining internal discipline in the cities.

Suggested Citation

  • Hervé Do Alto, 2011. "Un parti paysan dans la ville en Bolivie : le Mouvement vers le socialisme (MAS) à La Paz (2005-2010)," Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies - Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 92(4), pages 389-416.
  • Handle: RePEc:rae:jourae:v:92:y:2011:i:4:p:389-416

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    political party; peasantry; institutionnalisation; electoral mobilisation; clientelism; democracy; Bolivia;

    JEL classification:

    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification


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