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Dinamica del petroleo en Mexico. Un modelo de dos sectores

Author

Listed:
  • Karla Fonseca Rocha

    () (Banco Del Bajio)

  • Claudia S. Gomez Lopez

Abstract

El articulo hace un analisis de un monopolio que extrae un recurso no renovable que se enfrenta a dos mercados: uno nacional y uno exterior. Utilizamos evidencia de la economia mexicana respecto a las tres mezclas de petroleo que se producen y exportan. Utilizamos el modelo de Fischer y Laxminayaran (2004) y lo extendemos al caso de la economia mexicana con dos mercados y tres bienes. Los resultados que encontramos son los siguientes: (i) la mezcla mas competitiva de la economia mexicana es la Maya al ser la mas barata, la que mas se produce y la que mas se exporta; (ii) los precios son mas volatiles que las variables de produccion que se consideraron en el estudio; (iii) las elasticidades de las mezclas Istmo y Olmeca son las mas inelasticas, por lo que un aumento en el precio de estas mezclas disminuye su cantidad exportada. La mezcla Maya tiene una elasticidad mayor, por lo que un aumento en su precio incrementa la cantidad exportada; (iv) las mezclas son complementarias y sustitutas entre ellas en casos especificos y (v) el corolario numero 1 y la proposicion numero 1 del modelo de Fischer y Laxminarayan se replica en el caso de la economia mexicana.

Suggested Citation

  • Karla Fonseca Rocha & Claudia S. Gomez Lopez, 2015. "Dinamica del petroleo en Mexico. Un modelo de dos sectores," EconoQuantum, Revista de Economia y Negocios, Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas, Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Maestria en Economia., vol. 12(2), pages 109-135, Julio-Dic.
  • Handle: RePEc:qua:journl:v:12:y:2015:i:2:p:109-135
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    petróleo; elasticidades; monopolio; ciclos económicos.;

    JEL classification:

    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • D42 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Monopoly
    • F0 - International Economics - - General
    • Q30 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - General

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