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Does Inequality Matter Air Pollution and Health Relationship? The Turkish Case

Author

Listed:
  • Ayse Aylin Bayar

    () (Faculty of Management)

  • Serkan Degirmenci
  • M. Ozgur Kayalica

Abstract

La economia de Turquia ha experimentado un proceso de transformacion de una agricola a una industrial. Este proceso viene acompañado de problemas socioeconomicos y ambientales. En teoria, la desigualdad esta relacionada con el incremento en la contaminacion para una subsecuente caida. Sin embargo, la evidencia empirica arroja resultados mixtos con relacion a lo anterior. Nuestro objetivo es explorar si la calidad del aire es un canal importante en el que la desigualdad afecta la salud de los individuos, considerando las diferencias economicas y geograficas entre las regiones heterogeneas de Turquia. En este sentido, existe una dicotomia entre el este y el oeste. Para el trabajo empirico los datos se toman del silc para los año 2009 y 2010. Y los relacionados a la contaminacion se tomaron de las Estadisticas de la Calidad del Aire. Con el objeto de analizar la relacion entre contaminacion y salud tomando en cuenta las desigualdades, se utilizan los modelos logisticos, multinomial y anidado. Las regiones donde el incremento de la contaminacion es menor que en regiones con distribuciones de ingreso menos igualitarias, se encuentra que la desigualdad es un factor significativo para la relacion entre salud y contaminacion.

Suggested Citation

  • Ayse Aylin Bayar & Serkan Degirmenci & M. Ozgur Kayalica, 2015. "Does Inequality Matter Air Pollution and Health Relationship? The Turkish Case," EconoQuantum, Revista de Economia y Negocios, Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas, Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Maestria en Economia., vol. 12(1), pages 7-30, Enero-Jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:qua:journl:v:12:y:2015:i:1:p:7-30
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Desigualdad; Contaminacion del aire; Salud.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality

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