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Effets de court terme des restructurations sur l'emploi : une analyse sur données françaises 1996-2005

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  • Matthieu Bunel
  • Lucie Gonzalez
  • Richard Duhautois

Abstract

[fre] A partir de données françaises issues d’enquêtes et de sources administratives, cet article étudie l’influence d’un certain type de restructuration, les fusions et acquisitions, sur l’emploi. Dans ce but, sont mobilisées pour la période 1996-2005 : les données issues des fichiers des modifications de structure (fichier MDST), des fichiers de coordination des informations et des traitements sur les restructurations d’unités statistiques (fichiers Citrus) et les fichiers Suse (système unifié statistiques d’entreprise). A l’instar des travaux de Brown et Médoff [1988], l’évolution conjointe de l’emploi des entreprises cédantes et des entreprises bénéficiaires est étudiée. Les résultats obtenus à l’aide d’un modèle de sélectivité sur les variables inobservables indiquent que les restructurations affectent positivement le volume d’emploi un an après ce changement. Toutefois, il existe des différences importantes selon le type de F&A considéré. En cas d’absorption ou de changement d’employeur l’effet sur l’emploi est négatif à court terme. [eng] The Short-Term Impact of Mergers and Acquisitions on Employment : a French Data Analysis (1996-2005). . The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of takeovers on employment by using French data from MDST Survey and Citrus Survey available over the 1996 to 2005 period. We merged three enterprise databases (MDST, Citrus and Suse) to provide a sample where firms’ characteristics, the involvement in takeover activity and financial links between firms are available. We followed the Brow and Médoff [1988] and analyzed the employment level of combined acquired and acquiring firms. Then we estimated the short term effect of takeovers on employment by using a selection regression model. The results indicate that mergers and acquisitions have a positive impact on employment. However, identify strong differences among the different kinds of M&A.

Suggested Citation

  • Matthieu Bunel & Lucie Gonzalez & Richard Duhautois, 2009. "Effets de court terme des restructurations sur l'emploi : une analyse sur données françaises 1996-2005," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 24(2), pages 85-124.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2009_num_24_2_1730
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2009.1730
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    Cited by:

    1. Marc Brunetto & Nadine Levratto, 2017. "Analysis of the job creation process in metropolitan areas: A spatial perspective," EconomiX Working Papers 2017-36, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.

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