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Les justifications en faveur de l'allocation universelle : une présentation critique

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  • Philippe Quirion

Abstract

[fre] Défendue par de nombreux auteurs, l'allocation universelle est un projet consistant à attribuer à tous les citoyens une prestation à la fois inconditionnelle et cumulable avec toute autre ressource. Cet article construit une typologie des nombreuses justifications qui ont été apportées à l'appui de cette proposition, et les soumet à un examen critique. Les justifications qui font de l'allocation universelle un remède au chômage, et donc un moyen d'assurer le droit du travail, apparaissent peu fondées. Aussi, seules subsistent les justifications qui font de l'allocation universelle un moyen d'assurer le droit à la paresse, revendication que l'on peut trouver légitime mais dont la crédibilité politique est douteuse. [eng] The universal grant proposal has been championed by many authors. It consists in supplying each citizen with a benefit which is unconditional and can be drawn concurrently to every other resource. This paper builds a typology of the various justifications that have been provided for this proposal, and submits them to a critical examination. Justifications in which a universal grant is a cure for unemployment and thus a way to provide a right to work appear to be weakly-founded. Hence, the only remaining justifications are those for which a universal grant is a way to provide a right to idleness, claim that can be founded legitimate, but whose political credibility is doubtful.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Quirion, 1996. "Les justifications en faveur de l'allocation universelle : une présentation critique," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 11(2), pages 45-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1996_num_11_2_1003 Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1996.1003
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