IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Les justifications en faveur de l'allocation universelle : une présentation critique


  • Philippe Quirion


[fre] Défendue par de nombreux auteurs, l'allocation universelle est un projet consistant à attribuer à tous les citoyens une prestation à la fois inconditionnelle et cumulable avec toute autre ressource. Cet article construit une typologie des nombreuses justifications qui ont été apportées à l'appui de cette proposition, et les soumet à un examen critique. Les justifications qui font de l'allocation universelle un remède au chômage, et donc un moyen d'assurer le droit du travail, apparaissent peu fondées. Aussi, seules subsistent les justifications qui font de l'allocation universelle un moyen d'assurer le droit à la paresse, revendication que l'on peut trouver légitime mais dont la crédibilité politique est douteuse. [eng] The universal grant proposal has been championed by many authors. It consists in supplying each citizen with a benefit which is unconditional and can be drawn concurrently to every other resource. This paper builds a typology of the various justifications that have been provided for this proposal, and submits them to a critical examination. Justifications in which a universal grant is a cure for unemployment and thus a way to provide a right to work appear to be weakly-founded. Hence, the only remaining justifications are those for which a universal grant is a way to provide a right to idleness, claim that can be founded legitimate, but whose political credibility is doubtful.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Quirion, 1996. "Les justifications en faveur de l'allocation universelle : une présentation critique," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 11(2), pages 45-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1996_num_11_2_1003 Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1996.1003

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rubinstein, Ariel, 1982. "Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 97-109, January.
    2. Pemberton, James, 1988. "A 'Managerial' Model of the Trade Union," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(392), pages 755-771, September.
    3. Ken Binmore & Ariel Rubinstein & Asher Wolinsky, 1986. "The Nash Bargaining Solution in Economic Modelling," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 17(2), pages 176-188, Summer.
    4. Elias Dinopoulos & Timothy D. Lane, 1992. "Market Liberalization Policies in a Reforming Socialist Economy," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 39(3), pages 465-494, September.
    5. Summers, Lawrence H, 1988. "Relative Wages, Efficiency Wages, and Keynesian Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 383-388, May.
    6. Nash, John, 1950. "The Bargaining Problem," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 18(2), pages 155-162, April.
    7. Aghion, Philippe, 1993. "Economic reform in Eastern Europe : Can theory help?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 525-532, April.
    8. Wladimir Andreff, 1995. "Le contrôle des entreprises privatisées dans les économies en transition : une approche théorique," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(3), pages 763-773.
    9. Cornia, Giovanni Andrea, 1994. "Poverty, Food Consumption, and Nutrition during the Transition to the Market Economy in Eastern Europe," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 297-302, May.
    10. Doiron, Denise J, 1992. "Bargaining Power and Wage-Employment Contracts in a Unionized Industry," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 33(3), pages 583-606, August.
    11. Wladimir Andreff, 1995. "Le contrôle des entreprises privatisées dans les économies en transition: Une approche théorique," Post-Print halshs-00274943, HAL.
    12. Bonin, John P., 1992. "Privatization and efficient contracts: The workers' stake in the transition," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 716-732, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1996_num_11_2_1003. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.