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Le calcul économique peut-il venir au secours d'une politique de lutte contre l'effet de serre ?

  • Sylvie Faucheux
  • Jean-François Noël

[fre] Avec l'émergence des menaces planétaire, la nature des risques auxquels est confronté l'environnement du fait de l'activité humaine a changé au cours des années 1980. La gestion de ce type de pollution, en particulier celle représentée par l'accroissement de l'effet de serre dû aux émissions de CO2, représente un défi pour l'analyse économique standard de l'environnement. Seuls des instruments articulant calcul économique et calcul énergétique sont susceptibles d'agir efficacement dans le cadre d'une politique de lutte contre l'effet de serre. Notre proposition de taxe assise sur le potentiel optimal d'économies d'énergie permet d'atteindre avec le maximum d'efficience économique un objectif de réduction de la consommation énergétique donné par le calcul énergétique. [eng] In the mid 80s, with the emergence of planetary threats, the type of envi- ronmental risks from anthropic activities has changed. The management of this global pollution, particularly the greenhouse effect due to CO2 emissions, appears as a challenge for standard environmental economics. Only instruments linking economic calculation and energy calculation are able to be helpful for a greenhouse regulation policy. Our proposal of an excise tax on optimal potential energy savings allows reaching a target of energy consumption decrease. This target is given by energy calculation and the economic calculation is used to get it with maximum economic efficiency. Une première version en langue anglaise de cet article a fait l'objet d'une communication des auteurs le 13 juin 1991 à Stockholm (Annual Meeting of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists).

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.1992.1301
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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 7 (1992)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 35-84

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1992_num_7_1_1301
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1992.1301
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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