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Incitations et transitions sur le marché du travail. Une analyse des stratégies d'acceptation et de refus d'emploi

Author

Listed:
  • Yannick L'Horty
  • Thierry Laurent
  • Patrick Maillé
  • Jean-François Ouvrard

Abstract

[fre] L'objet de l'article est de proposer une méthode permettant d'évaluer, dans un cadre intertemporel, l'ampleur des phénomènes de désincitation à la reprise d'emploi. Un chômeur accepte un emploi si ce dernier rend maximale son espérance de gains, compte tenu des revenus associés à chaque type de situation sur le marché du travail, de ses chances d'évolution d'une situation vers une autre et de son taux de préférence pour le présent. Dans ce cadre général, on montre qu'il peut être « rentable » d'occuper un emploi qui rapporte un revenu inférieur aux revenus de remplacement dont on pourrait bénéficier dans l'assistance. Inversement, on peut avoir intérêt à rester dans le non-emploi et à refuser des emplois immédiatement rémunérateurs. Ces résultats théoriques — illustrés par des simulations numériques — suggèrent que les gains immédiats ne sont pas les plus déterminants dans la décision d'accepter ou non une proposition d'emploi. [eng] Incentives and transitions on the labor market: an analysis of acceptation or refusal employment strategies. This paper proposes an intertemporal and consistent framework in order to measure the incentives for returning to employment. A job seeker accepts a job which maximizes the sum of his discounted expected incomes, taking into account earnings associated with every job, worker's mobility between jobs and his rate of preference for the present. In this framework, we show that work can pay, even if it does not pay immediately. Inversely, high immediate gain can be compensated by unfavorable perspectives. These theoretical results - illustrated by numerical simulations - show that monetary gain upon return to employment is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition to explain the existence of a low level of labor force participation originated in incentive problems. preference for the present. In this framework, we show that work can pay, even if it does not pay immediately. Inversely, high immediate gain can be compensated by unfavorable perspectives. These theoretical results - illustrated by numerical simulations - show that monetary gain upon return to employment is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition to explain the existence of a low level of labor force participation originated in incentive problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Yannick L'Horty & Thierry Laurent & Patrick Maillé & Jean-François Ouvrard, 2002. "Incitations et transitions sur le marché du travail. Une analyse des stratégies d'acceptation et de refus d'emploi," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(6), pages 1181-1203.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_6_410465
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410465
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 1999. "Prélèvements et transferts sociaux : une analyse descriptive des incitations financières au travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 328(1), pages 3-19.
    2. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Cédric Afsa, 2001. "Aide au logement et emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 346(1), pages 123-136.
    2. Denis Anne & Yannick L’Horty & Michel Dollé, 2002. "Transferts sociaux locaux et retour à l’emploi ; suivi d'un commentaire de Michel Dollé, et d'une réponse au commentaire, de Denis Anne et Yannick L'Horty," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 357(1), pages 49-78.
    3. Jérôme Gautié & David Margolis, 2009. "Introduction," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 429(1), pages 3-19.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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