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Une première évaluation de la "prime pour l'emploi" à l'aide du modèle MYRIADE


  • François Legendre
  • Jean-Paul Lorgnet
  • Florence Thibault


[fre] Nous évaluons, dans cette étude, les effets redistributifs de la très récente création d'un « impôt négatif » - dit prime pour l'emploi - intervenue en France en 2001. Cette évaluation est portée parle modèle de micro-simulation myriade de la Caisse nationale des allocations familiales, et destiné à l'analyse des politiques sociales et fiscales. Notre travail montre que la prime pour l'emploi permet de réduire le taux moyen de prélèvements nets de deux catégories d'individus : les individus les plus modestes qui sont membres d'une famille comprenant un actif occupé et les individus dont le niveau de vie est moyen mais qui supportent un taux moyen de prélèvements nets particulièrement élevé. [eng] The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of the French tax credit -prime pour l'emploi - created in 2001. This assessment has been carried out through simulations made with myriade, a micro-simulation model, currently being built at the Caisse nationale des allocations familiales and specifically designed to analyse tax and socials policies. Our results show that the prime pour l'emploi reduces the average net tax rate for two kinds of individuals: individuals with low income who are members of a family with at least one employed worker and individuals whose standard of living is at the average of the overall population but who support a particularly high net average tax rate.

Suggested Citation

  • François Legendre & Jean-Paul Lorgnet & Florence Thibault, 2002. "Une première évaluation de la "prime pour l'emploi" à l'aide du modèle MYRIADE," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(3), pages 557-567.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410426
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410426

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. FLEURBAEY, Marc & MANIQUET, François, 1998. "Optimal income taxation: and ordinal approach," CORE Discussion Papers 1998065, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    2. Marc Fleurbaey & François Maniquet, 2006. "Compensation and responsibility," Working Papers halshs-00121367, HAL.
    3. Mongin, P & d'Aspremont, C, 1996. "Utility Theory and Ethics," Papers 9632, Paris X - Nanterre, U.F.R. de Sc. Ec. Gest. Maths Infor..
    4. Fleurbaey, Marc, 1995. "Equal Opportunity or Equal Social Outcome?," Economics and Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(01), pages 25-55, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. François Legendre & Jean-Paul Lorgnet & Florence Thibault, 2003. "La distribution des incitations financières au travail en France : l'évaluation du modèle Myriade," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(4), pages 23-48.
    2. Frédéric Berger & Bruno Jeandidier, 2003. "Accompagner une réforme fiscale : avec une Prime pour l'emploi ou avec une hausse des Allocations familiales ?," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(4), pages 103-119.
    3. repec:crs:ecosta:es401a is not listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • D19 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Other
    • D30 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - General
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies


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