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"Grappes d'entreprises" et "petits mondes". Une affaire de proximités


  • Jean-Benoît Zimmermann


[eng] "Clusters" and "small-worlds": a proximity issue. . A recent literature has described, on an empirical level, the way in which local industries are organised into "clusters", inserted within global industrial and com­mercial networks. These studies have shown that geographicalproximity by itself is not a sufficient condition for coordination but can contribute to its efficiency, providing the existence of other shared dimensions among agents: common organisation, representations, projects... Adopting an approach in terms of proximity economies and situated agents, we emphasise the promising perspectives offered by small world concept to provide a theoretical analysis of the properties of clusters. [fre] « Grappes d'entreprises » et « petits mondes ». Une affaire de proximités. . La littérature récente reconnaît, sur un plan empirique, l'efficacité productive et innovatrice d'un mode d'organisation industrielle fondé sur l'existence de systèmes locaux, dénommés « clusters », articulés au sein de circuits industriels et commerciaux globaux. Ces études montrent que l'espace à lui seul ne fournit pas les conditions suffisantes de la coordination mais peut contribuer à son efficacité sous la condition d'existence d'autres dimensions de partage entre les agents : plan organique, représentations, projets. Dans une lecture en termes d'économie de proximités et d'agents situés, nous examinons l'apport particulièrement prometteur, du concept ctesmall-world pour rendre compte, sur le plan théorique, des propriétés des clusters.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Benoît Zimmermann, 2002. ""Grappes d'entreprises" et "petits mondes". Une affaire de proximités," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(3), pages 517-524.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410422
    DOI: 10.3406/reco.2002.410422
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410422

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    Cited by:

    1. Jérôme Vicente, 2014. "“Don’t throw the baby out with the bath water”. Network failures and policy challenges for cluster long run dynamics," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1420, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Oct 2014.
    2. Raphaël Suire & Jérôme Vicente, 2015. "Récents enseignements de la théorie des réseaux en faveur de la politique et du management des clusters," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(4), pages 91-119.
    3. Frédéric Rychen & Jean-Benoît Zimmermann, 2009. "Industrial Clusters and the Knowledge Based Economy : from open to distributed structures ?," Working Papers halshs-00353425, HAL.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General


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