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Monnaie et marché. Un point de vue critique sur les modèles de prospection

Listed author(s):
  • Jean Cartelier

[fre] Monnaie et marché. Un point de vue critique sur les modèles de prospection Appliqués à la théorie de la monnaie, les modèles de prospection fournissent des réponses à des questions jusque-là non résolues. La raison fondamentale de ces succès tient à ce qu'ils étudient explicitement la façon dont les agents se rencontrent et réalisent leurs transactions. L'objet de cet article est de tenter d'apprécier la contribution possible des modèles monétaires de prospection à la théorie générale de l'économie de marché. Cette approche ouvre de nouvelles perspectives mais, en même temps, réactive de vieux problèmes. Il n'est notamment plus possible d'éviter la question de savoir si le choix d'un mode d'organisation des échanges est du même type que celui de la technique de production ou d'un vecteur de consommation. Est-il bien raisonnable de vouloir déterminer de façon endogène à la fois les règles du jeu et la meilleure façon de les utiliser ? Un examen critique des modèles de prospection de base conduit à conclure que leur apport le plus précieux est de révéler les impasses dans lesquelles la théorie de l'équilibre général s'est engagée plutôt que de surmonter ses traditionnelles insuffisances en théorie monétaire. [eng] Money and market: a critical view on search models Search models devoted to money theory greatly help in solving some unsettled problems mainly because they deal explicitly with the organisation of transactions and with the way individual agents meet and bargain. The purpose of this paper is to try to assess their importance for the general theory of market economies. Search-theoretic approach to money opens new perspectives but at the same time makes emerge old problems. In particular it seems now impossible not to wonder whether the choice of a collective organisation of exchange is or not a problem analogue to that of a technique of production or that of a bundle of consumption. Does it make sense to try to determine endogenously at the same time the choice of the rules of the game and the best way of playing them? A critical examination of basic search models may come to conclude that their main benefit is to reveal the dead ends of standard equilibrium theory rather than to save it from its traditional flaws in money theory.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 993-1011

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_5_410368
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410368
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