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Mobilité externe sur le marché du travail russe, 1994-1998. Une approche en termes d'activités

  • Boris Najman
  • Ariane Pailhé

[fre] Mobilité externe sur le marché du travail russe, 1994-1998. Une approche en termes d'activités. . Cet article propose de donner une explication au paradoxe du faible taux de chômage russe. Les données microéconomiques du RLMS et la définition d'une taxinomie originale des activités permettent en effet de révéler la forte mobilité externe sur le marché du travail. La chute de l'emploi formel ressort comme la caractéristique principale de cette flexibilité. Face à l'instabilité de la demande de travail, différentes stratégies individuelles se forment : les individus sont inégaux face à ces chocs, en fonction de leurs caractéristiques individuelles et de ménage. Si le marché du travail russe apparaît comme très flexible au regard de ces données microéconomiques, les réallocations rapides du travail dépendent des opportunités effectives d'activité ; or, elles sont très différenciées selon les individus. [eng] External mobility on the russian labour market, 1994-1998. an inter-sector point of view. . This paper emphasises an explanation to the paradoxically low unemployment rate in Russia compared with output fall. The rlms micro economic data and the definition of an original taxonomy of activities reveal a high external mobility on the labour market. The observed fall in formal employment is the main characteristic of this adjustment. Facing the instability of labour demand, different individual strate­gies emerge, according to individual and household characteristics. While these micro economic data show the high flexibility of the Russian labour market, rapid reallocations of labour depend on effective activity opportunities, which are differentiated among individuals.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 861-884

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_4_410362
Note: DOI:10.2307/3502915
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