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L'indétermination et la méthode de John F. Nash

Listed author(s):
  • Jean-Louis Rullière

[fre] Les deux célèbres articles de John F. Nash publiés en 1950 constituent l'un des apports les plus marquants dans l'histoire de la théorie économique. Le concept de solution de Nash tranche le nœud gordien du problème de l'indétermination, tandis que le concept d'équilibre de Nash dépasse le programme de recherche de von Neumann sur les jeux non coopératifs. Ces deux contributions sont très usitées, mais la plus importante reste en même temps la moins connue : le programme de Nash. Avec cette méthode, Nash offre aux théoriciens des jeux une méthodologie pour construire de nouveaux modèles relevant à la fois des approches coopérative et non coopérative. Enfin, la thèse de doctorat de Nash contient les éléments précurseurs des développements contemporains de la théorie des jeux : les raffinements de l'équilibre de Nash, l'apprentissage dynamique et l'adaptation, la théorie des jeux évolutionnaires et l'économie expérimentale. [eng] Indetermination and the Nash method The two famous papers published by John F. Nash in 1950 constitute one of the most remarkable contribution to economics in the history of this discipline. The concept of Nash solution cuts for the first time the Gordian knot of the indetermination problem while the concept of Nash equilibrium overtakes the von Neumann program of non cooperative games. These two contributions are very popular but the most important Nash's contribution to the economic theory is also less well-known: the Nash program. With this method, Nash offers to game theorists a methodology to build new models with respect to both cooperative and non cooperative approaches. And last but not least, Nash's PhD dissertation appears as a seminal work on which are based the main current developments of game theory: refinements of the Nash equilibrium, dynamic learning and adaptation, evolutionary game theory, experimental economics.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 51 (2000)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 1169-1184

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_5_410579
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