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Concurrence par comparaison. Un point de vue normatif


  • Emmanuelle Auriol


[eng] Yardstick competition: a normative approach. . This paper proposes a normative analysis of yardstick competition that take into account the heterogeneity of the firms. When there are several local monopolies, like in water distribution, education or health, it is possible to implement yardstick competition among them even if they do not face identical cost function. The regulator is able to improve her knowledge of the firms' cost by centralizing and comparing the information they produce. This comparison leads to steeper individualized incentive scheme, which are tailored to accommodate the firms heterogeneity. The firms are leaded to increase their effort and to reduce their cost without being exposed to the threat of bankruptcy. [fre] Cet article propose une analyse de la concurrence comparative qui tienne compte de l'hétérogénéité des entreprises. Lorsqu'il existe une série de monopoles locaux, on montre qu'il est possible, même s'ils ne sont pas identiques, de mettre en œuvre une concurrence indirecte entre eux. En ayant recours à l'ensemble de l'information générée par ces entreprises, le régulateur est capable d'affiner sa connaissance des coûts. L'introduction de la concurrence par comparaison en présence d'aléa moral oriente ainsi la politique de dédommagement en faveur de contrat à prix fixe. Cela contraint les entreprises à une plus grande efficacité de gestion ce qui profite aux consommateurs.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuelle Auriol, 2000. "Concurrence par comparaison. Un point de vue normatif," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(3), pages 621-634.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_3_410541
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2000.410541

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    Cited by:

    1. Desmaris, Christian, 2014. "The reform of passenger rail in Switzerland: More performance without competition," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 290-297.
    2. Tangerås, Thomas P., 2002. "Regulation of Cost and Quality under Yardstick Competition," Working Paper Series 573, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    3. Bottasso, Anna & Conti, Maurizio, 2003. "Cost Inefficiency in the English and Welsh Water Industry: An Heteroskedastic Stochastic Cost Frontier Approach," Economics Discussion Papers 8872, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
    4. Eshien Chong & Freddy Huet, 2009. "Yardstick Competition, Franchise Bidding and Firms’ Incentives to Collude," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 35(1), pages 149-169, September.
    5. Dominique Bouf & Julien Lévêque, 2006. "Yardstick Competition for Transport Infrastructure Services," Post-Print halshs-00092671, HAL.
    6. B. Dormont & C. Milcent, 2000. "Coûts hospitaliers et tarification par pathologie. Le cas de l'infarctus du myocarde aigu," THEMA Working Papers 2000-25, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.

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