Mesures de l'efficience technique et de l'efficience allocative par les fonctions de distance et application aux banques européennes
[fre] Mesures de l'efficience technique et de l'efficience allocative par les fonctions de distance et application. aux banques européennes. . Cet article propose une décomposition de l'inefficience coût en inefficience technique et inefficience allocative fondée sur la méthodologie des fonctions de distance en inputs. On utilise une approche paramétrique d'une frontière stochastique. L'application à un échantillon de banques européennes montre que l'inefficience allocative augmente les coûts bancaires d'environ 25 % en moyenne, soit autant que l'inefficience technique. On constate aussi une corrélation négative entre l'inefficience technique et l'inefficience allocative. [eng] Technical and allocative efficiency measurement using the distance function: the case of european banks. . This paper extends the input distance function methodology to decompose cost inefficiency into technical and allocative inefficiency. We use a parametric stochastic frontier approach. This methodology was applied to a sample of European banks. It is shown that allocative inefficiency increases costs by about 25 %, as much as technical inefficiency. We also find a negative correlation between technical and allocative inefficiency.
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Volume (Year): 50 (1999)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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