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Rationalité des anticipations des ménages. Tests qualitatifs sur données individuelles françaises

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  • Salah Ghabri
  • Jean-Loup Madre
  • François Gardes
  • Marie-Claude Pichery

Abstract

[eng] Rationality of household expectations : qualitative tests on french individual data. . Qualitative answers given in the INSEE conjonctural surveys (1972-1994) by 2500 households in two consecutive years, allow us to test the rationality of price and unemployement expectations. Contrary to the results obtained after a quantification of the data, the rationality properties, in Gourieroux-Pradel test (1986), tend to be verified by part of the population, another part having correct expectations. Finally, the adaptive model seems to be the main expectation process for households. [fre] Rationalité des anticipations des ménages. Tests qualitatifs sur données individuelles françaises. . Les teste de la forme faible de rationalité opérés sur les données quantifiées des Enquêtes de conjoncture auprès des ménages ont abouti au rejet systémati­que de la rationalité (Ghabri et Gardes [1996]) mais l'analyse d'un pseudo-panel montre que les propriétés d'absence de biais et d'efficience sont acceptées pour certaines sous-périodes. Les teste qualitatifs de rationalité de Gouriéroux et Pra-del [1986] fournissent un même résultat pour l'ensemble de la population mais montrent qu'à chaque période, une partie des ménages fait des anticipations rationnelles, une autre partie faisant des anticipations correctes. Par ailleurs, nous vérifions, par un comptage qualitatif, que le modèle adaptatif est le processus majoritaire qui explique la formation des anticipations des ménages.

Suggested Citation

  • Salah Ghabri & Jean-Loup Madre & François Gardes & Marie-Claude Pichery, 1997. "Rationalité des anticipations des ménages. Tests qualitatifs sur données individuelles françaises," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(3), pages 639-652.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1997_num_48_3_409903
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1997.409903
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    Cited by:

    1. Nicolas Million, 2007. "Effet peso : présentation théorique et application à la politique monétaire," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne v07012, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.

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