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Réorganisations dans la coopération agricole : proximités et solidarité territoriale

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  • Maryline Filippi
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    [eng] Models of organisation in agricul tural co-opera tion a need for proximity and territorial solidarity - Does market competition pressure systematically lead, because of a loosening of territorial ties, to a deterioration of the relationship between cooperatives and their members ? Beyond the heterogeneity of co-operatives, we have chosen to analyse the organisational changes in co-operatives, basing ourselves on the notion of proximity and on aspects that characterise the relationship between these organisations and their members. This approach enables us to describe three stylised organisational models. We examine them, basing ourselves on three aspects that make them original: the group's relationship with its members, risk sharing and the nature of the territorial ties. Forced to commit to traceability and food safety requirements, co-operatives must ensure that their membership is stable and fully committed, thus reinforcing their relationship. The emergence of a third so-called model of competitive advantage co-construction, situates the member at the heart of the generation of specific knowledge. It reflects an articulation of geographical and organisational dimensions of proximity that is related to a solidarity between the co-operatives and their members, and to the revalorization of territorial ties. [fre] La pression concurrentielle des marchés entraîne- t-elle systématiquement une distanciation des relations entre la coopérative et ses adhérents, corrélée à un relâchement de son ancrage territorial ? Au-delà de l'hétérogénéité des coopératives, nous avons choisi d'analyser les changements organisationnels des coopératives à partir de la notion de proximité et à l'aide de critères caractérisant les relations entre ces structures et leurs adhérents. Cette lecture nous permet de montrer trois modèles d'organisation stylisés. Ces derniers sont appréhendés à partir de trois critères qui en spécifient l'originalité : le lien à l'adhérent le partage du risque et la nature de l'ancrage territorial. Contraintes de s'investir fortement dans les procédures de traçabilité et de sécurité alimentaire, les coopératives doivent s'assurer l'implication et la stabilité de leurs adhérents, renouvelant ainsi leurs relations. L'émergence d'un troisième modèle, dit de co- construction des avantages compétitifs, place l'adhérent au cœur de la constitution de savoirs spécifiques. Il traduit une articulation des dimensions géographique et organisée de la proximité qui relève, avec la revalorisation de l'ancrage territorial, d'une solidarité des liens entre la coopérative et ses adhérents.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 280 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 42-58

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2004_num_280_1_5472
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2004.5472
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