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Concurrence, coopératives de producteurs et Marketing Orders aux États-Unis

Listed author(s):
  • John M. Crespi
  • Richard J. Sexton

[fre] Bien que l'économie américaine soit soumise à diverses lois antitrust, les coopératives agricoles et les « marketing orders » bénéficient d'exemptions partielles par rapport à ces lois. Ces institutions autorisent leurs membres à déterminer conjointement le volume de la production qui est commercialisée. Cet article examine dans quelle mesure ces institutions ont obtenu un authentique pouvoir de marché. Les auteurs présentent l'histoire et la logique sous-jacentes aux lois adoptées par le Congrès et qui ont facilité le développement des coopératives et institué les Marketing Orders fédéraux. Les auteurs discutent ensuite les limites que rencontrent ces institutions pour se constituer un authentique pouvoir de marché. [eng] Competition, us farmer cooperatives and marketing orders - Although industries in the United States are subject to a variety of antitrust laws, agricultural cooperatives and marketing orders have received partial exemptions from these laws. These institutions allow their members to jointly regulate the amount of product that goes to market. Because of this statutory authority, it is important to examine the extent to which these institutions have attained market power. The authors present the history and rationale behind the Congressional acts that facilitated development of cooperatives and established federal marketing orders. The authors further discuss the limitations that cooperatives and marketing orders in the United States face in achieving substantial market power.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

Volume (Year): 277 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 135-151

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2003_num_277_1_5442
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2003.5442
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