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Concurrence, coopératives de producteurs et Marketing Orders aux États-Unis


  • John M. Crespi
  • Richard J. Sexton


[fre] Bien que l'économie américaine soit soumise à diverses lois antitrust, les coopératives agricoles et les « marketing orders » bénéficient d'exemptions partielles par rapport à ces lois. Ces institutions autorisent leurs membres à déterminer conjointement le volume de la production qui est commercialisée. Cet article examine dans quelle mesure ces institutions ont obtenu un authentique pouvoir de marché. Les auteurs présentent l'histoire et la logique sous-jacentes aux lois adoptées par le Congrès et qui ont facilité le développement des coopératives et institué les Marketing Orders fédéraux. Les auteurs discutent ensuite les limites que rencontrent ces institutions pour se constituer un authentique pouvoir de marché. [eng] Competition, us farmer cooperatives and marketing orders - Although industries in the United States are subject to a variety of antitrust laws, agricultural cooperatives and marketing orders have received partial exemptions from these laws. These institutions allow their members to jointly regulate the amount of product that goes to market. Because of this statutory authority, it is important to examine the extent to which these institutions have attained market power. The authors present the history and rationale behind the Congressional acts that facilitated development of cooperatives and established federal marketing orders. The authors further discuss the limitations that cooperatives and marketing orders in the United States face in achieving substantial market power.

Suggested Citation

  • John M. Crespi & Richard J. Sexton, 2003. "Concurrence, coopératives de producteurs et Marketing Orders aux États-Unis," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 277(1), pages 135-151.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2003_num_277_1_5442
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2003.5442

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    Cited by:

    1. Maze, Armelle, 2006. "Multilateral reputation mechanisms and contract law in agriculture : complement or substitutes," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21285, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    2. Kachel, Yael & Finkelsthain, Israel, 2009. "Antitrust Legislation and Cooperation in Fish Marketing," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 37(2).
    3. Stéphan Marette & Emmanuel Raynaud, 2003. "Applications du droit de la concurrence au secteur agroalimentaire," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 277(1), pages 9-22.
    4. Armelle Mazé, 2005. "Contract Law and the self-enforcing range of contracts in agriculture," Working Papers halshs-00354960, HAL.

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