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La perception des OGM par le public: remise en cause de quelques idées reçues

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  • Claire Marris

Abstract

[fre] Cet article présente deux types de résultats concernant la perception des OGM par le public. D'une part, les perceptions de «citoyens ordinaires» ont été étudiées par la méthode de groupes de discussions. Parallèlement, la façon dont les acteurs impliqués dans la controverse sur les ogm appréhendent leur perception par le public a été analysée par entretiens, observation participante et analyse de documents. Au-delà de l'intérêt des résultats obtenus séparément du côté des acteurs et du public, la mise en perspective de ces deux composantes permet d'aborder le sujet de la perception des risques par le public sous un angle original. Les résultats suggèrent la persistance d'un certain nombre d'idées reçues, qui sont partagées par de nombreux acteurs mais qui sont en décalage avec l'expression de citoyens au sein des groupes de discussion. [eng] Challenging some myths about public perceptions of GMO - Two types of results about public perceptions of GMOs are presented. On the one hand, focus groups were used to study perceptions of GMOs among «ordinary citizens». In parallel, visions about the public held by actors engaged in the GMO controversy were also studied through interviews, participant observation and document analysis. In addition to the value of the results obtained separately from members of the public and from the actors, the comparison of these two components sheds new light on the subject of public perceptions of risk. The results suggest the persistence of a certain number of myths about the public which are shared among numerous actors but which are not supported by our analysis of the expression of citizens in the focus groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Claire Marris, 2001. "La perception des OGM par le public: remise en cause de quelques idées reçues," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 266(1), pages 58-79.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2001_num_266_1_5276
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2001.5276
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3406/ecoru.2001.5276
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    File URL: https://www.persee.fr/doc/ecoru_0013-0559_2001_num_266_1_5276
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Les Levidow & Claire Marris, 2001. "Science and governance in Europe: Lessons from the case of agricultural biotechnology," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(5), pages 345-360, October.
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    1. Pierre-Benoit, Joly & Claire, Marris, 2003. "Les Américains ont-ils accepté les OGM ? Analyse comparée de la construction des OGM comme problème public en France et aux Etats-Unis," Cahiers d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales (CESR), INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research), vol. 68.
    2. Pierre-Benoit Joly & Claire Marris, 2003. "Les Américains ont-ils accepté les OGM ? Analyse comparée de la construction des OGM comme problème public en France et aux Etats-Unis," Post-Print hal-01201044, HAL.
    3. Pierre-Benoit Joly & Claire Marris, 2003. "Les Américains ont-ils accepté les OGM ? Analyse comparée de la construction des OGM comme problème public en France et aux Etats-Unis," Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 68, pages 11-45.

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