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Prix et revenus dans le secteur agricole

  • Secondo Tarditi
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    [fre] Dans les économies de marché européennes, les revenus agricoles subissent fortement l'influence de l'intervention publique, qui peut être analysée en termes théoriques en référence à un secteur économique où prévaut la libre concurrence. Après avoir esquissé les différentes catégories de coûts et d'avantages sociaux qui peuvent être produits par la politique économique sectorielle, on présente une brève analyse des effets de l'intervention publique sur l'allocation des ressources, sur la distribution du revenu et sur d'autres objectifs non économiques, afin de tracer un système d'objectifs coordonné et cohérent pour la politique économique en agriculture. Les politiques des prix liées à la stabilisation des marchés et au soutien des prix des produits, des moyens techniques et des facteurs de production, sont ensuite brièvement passées en revue. Enfin, un problème subsiste : combiner au mieux les différentes politiques des prix et des revenus agricoles, avec un système défini d'objectifs d'intervention publique dans le secteur agricole. Les résultats de cette analyse théorique montrent une grande incohérence entre les politiques économiques actuellement appliquées dans la Commmunauté Européenne et les composantes principales du bien-être social. [eng] In European market economics, farm incomes are strongly influenced by policy actions. Their effects can be analyzed using a free market sector as theoretical benchmark. Sectoral policies produce various social costs and benefits. They influence resource allocation, income distribution and other non economic objectives. The paper evaluates market stabilization, and price support policies as well as those concerning factors of production and technology. One of the major issues is the combination of the various price and income policies in order to attain a given set of policy goals in the farming sector. This theoretical analysis shows that the various policies at work in the EEC are quite inadequate considering its main welfare goals.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 167 (1985)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 28-37

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1985_num_167_1_3159
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1985.3159
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