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Technology Diffusion, International Competition and Effective Demand


  • Michael A. Landesmann
  • Robert Stehrer


[fre] Ce papier étudie des questions relatives à trois caractéristiques de la croissance économique des années 80 et 90. Le papier développe un modèle d'économies intégrées (par le commerce et l'investissement direct international) qui vise à examiner ces caractéristiques précédemment notées. Il possède des traits schumpétériens et keynésiens en ce qu'il décrit les modifications de la répartition du produit qui accompagne les processus de diffusion des nouvelles technologies (l'émergence des rentes schumpétériennes) et discute les questions de demande effective soulevées par les modifications de la répartition et le processus de rattrapage. [eng] This paper analyses a number of issues which were characteristic of the growth processes of advanced economies in the 1980s and 1990s : (i) there was an important diffusion process of a new general purpose technology (GPT); (ii) as a broad characterisation, one can say that the US took on the role as an « innovator » in introducing this GPT with Europe broadly following ; (iii) there was a speed up of catching-up of a sub-group of developing economies (South East Asian, later China and India) in an era of increasing globalisation ; (iv) both factors (i) and (iii) should in principle have given a boost to global economic growth ; however, for quite some time, it looks as if actual growth is in a more precarious state in advanced economies than in the earlier post-war period.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael A. Landesmann & Robert Stehrer, 2004. "Technology Diffusion, International Competition and Effective Demand," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 105(1), pages 23-46.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_2004_num_105_1_3034 Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.2004.3034

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Camal Gallouj & FaÏz Gallouj, 1996. "L'innovation dans les services," Post-Print hal-01111983, HAL.
    2. Sirilli, Giorgio & Evangelista, Rinaldo, 1998. "Technological innovation in services and manufacturing: results from Italian surveys," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(9), pages 881-899, December.
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    7. Kleinknecht, Alfred & Reijnen, Jeroen O. N., 1992. "Why do firms cooperate on R&D? an empirical study," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 347-360, August.
    8. Faïz Gallouj, 1997. "Towards a neo-Schumpeterian theory of innovation in services?," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(6), pages 405-420, December.
    9. Christian Le Bas & André Torre, 1993. "Études empiriques - Survey sur les surveys d'innovation - Une première évaluation des enquêtes d'innovation européennes," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 65(1), pages 80-95.
    10. Gallouj, Faiz & Weinstein, Olivier, 1997. "Innovation in services," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4-5), pages 537-556, December.
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    13. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2006. "Innovation, services, emplois," Post-Print halshs-00199647, HAL.
    14. Kleinknecht, Alfred & Reijnen, Jeroen O. N., 1991. "More evidence on the undercounting of small firm R&D," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 579-587, December.
    15. F D Gault, 1998. "Research and development in a service economy," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(2), pages 79-91, August.
    16. Brouwer, Erik & Kleinknecht, Alfred, 1997. "Measuring the unmeasurable: a country's non-R&D expenditure on product and service innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(8), pages 1235-1242, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Landesmann, M.A. & Stehrer, R., 2006. "Goodwin's structural economic dynamics: Modelling Schumpeterian and Keynesian insights," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 501-524, December.
    2. Robert Stehrer, 2005. "Employment, Education and Occupation Structures: A Framework for Forecasting," wiiw Research Reports 315, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.

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