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Origines et développement de la robotique

Listed author(s):
  • Nathalie Lazaric

[eng] Robotic developpement occurs with prior creations to Unimate and is strongly transformed by the diffusion of electronics' technologies which modified the artefact, Increasing adoption of new technical solutions in motorization, programmation and peripheries was not linear because innovations combine themselves with old technical devices inducing a partial substitution. Moreover actors had not convergent choices as well in traditional applications like welding as in new projects like local network area. Different strategies and technological sophistication's throw-in brakes intensive electronics development. [fre] Le développement de la robotique s'est réalisé avec des créations bien antérieures à l'Unimate et est fortement marqué par l'introduction des technologies électroniques modifiant profondément l'artefact. L'adoption croissante de ces nouvelles solutions techniques dans le sous-ensemble de motorisation, le système de commande et des périphériques n'a pas été linéaire car les innovations se sont combinées avec les anciens principes techniques entraînant une substitution très partielle. Les acteurs de plus n'ont pas eu des choix convergents tant pour les applications classiques (le soudage) que pour les projets novateurs (réseaux locaux industriels). Leur stratégie disparate et leur remise en cause de la sophistication technologique a freiné le développement intensif de l'électronnisation.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

Volume (Year): 61 (1992)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 54-67

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1992_num_61_1_1436
Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1992.1436
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