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L'évolution récente des professions dans l'industrie, le commerce et les services

Listed author(s):
  • Philippe Choffel
  • Annick Echardour
  • Francis Kramarz

[eng] Recent evolution of occupations - Together with the development of high tech equipment, computers contribute highly to the growth of the most technical and qualified occupations (almost 30 % more engineers and computer specialists from 1984 to 1987). The movement towards a growing number of white collar jobs is carried on, above all, by executives (research analysts, organization experts, etc.). Commercial occupations also gain in number, especially in the sales of services to business and store management. Finally, the most repetitive and least skilled tasks decrease, whether for jobs in the tertiary sector (20 % fewer stenographers during the same period), or jobs in the industry (for unskilled workers using machines, the drop may be greater than 20 % in some sectors). [spa] Evolución reciente de las profesiones - Corriendo pareja con el desarrollo de los equipos de alta tecnologia, la informática contribuye intensamente al crecimiento de las profesiones de mayor tecnologia y calificación (cerca de un 30 % más de ingenieros y ejecutivos en el area de la informática de 1984 a 1987). El movimiento conducente a la terciarización prosigue luego con los ejecutivos (encargados de estudios, expertos en organización, etc.). Las profesiones comerciales progresan también, en especial las relacionadas con la venta de servicios a las empresa o la explotación de tiendas. Por ultimo, lastareas más repetitivasy menos calificadas retropeden, ya sea en los of icios terciarios (20 % menos de esteno-dactilógrafas en el mismo periodo) o en los oficios industriales (para los obreros no calificados quetrabajan con maquinarias, las disminuciones pueden sobrepasar un 20 % en algunos sectores). [fre] L'évolution récente des professions dans l'industrie, le commerce et les services Philippe Choffel, Annick Échardour et Francis Kramarz Allant de pair avec le développement des équipements de haute technologie, l'informatique contribue fortement à la croissance des professions les plus techniques et les plus qualifiées (près de 30 % d'ingénieurs et de cadres informaticiens en plus de 1 984 à 1 987). Le mouvement de tertiarisation se poursuit surtout par les cadres (chargés d'études, experts en organisation, etc.). Les professions commerciales gagnent aussi, tout spécialement lorsqu'elles concernent la vente de services aux entreprises ou l'exploitation de magasins. Enfin, les tâches les plus répétitives et les moins qualifiées régressent, que ce soit dans les métiers tertiaires (20 % de sténo-dactylos en moins pour la même période) ou dans les métiers industriels (pour les ouvriers non qualifiés travaillant sur machine, les baisses peuvent dépasser 20 % dans certains secteurs).

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/estat.1988.5237
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File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/estat_0336-1454_1988_num_213_1_5237
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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

Volume (Year): 213 (1988)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 27-31

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1988_num_213_1_5237
Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1988.5237
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/estat

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