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Croissance de la productivité et réallocations d'emplois au Maroc : la contribution des créations et disparitions d'entreprises

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  • Amin El Basri
  • Said El Hamine
  • Richard Duhautois

Abstract

[eng] This article seeks to identify the different types of businesses (surviving firms, new firms, terminated firms) that contribute to the growth of labor productivity and total factor productivity (TFP) in the Moroccan manufacturing industry. We use two breakdown methods (Griliches and Regev, 1995 ; Foster, Haltiwanger, and Krizan, 2000) that allow us to take account of creative destruction (firm renewal ) and the growth of surviving firms. We report three findings : (1) labor-productivity growth is heavily dependent on the growth of surviving firms ; (2) inputs play a greater role in TFP growth, particularly by incorporating more efficient capital ; (3) firm deaths explain the gap in employment growth between two sub-periods of the 1990s. [fre] Dans cet article, nous nous proposons d’identifier les différents types d’entreprises (entreprises pérennes, entreprises apparues ou disparues) qui contribuent à la croissance de la productivité du travail et de la productivité globale des facteurs (PGF) dans l’industrie marocaine. Nous utilisons deux méthodes de décomposition (Griliches et Regev, 1995 ; Foster, Haltiwanger et Krizan, 2000) qui permettent de prendre en compte le processus de destruction créatrice – le renouvellement des entreprises – et la croissance des entreprises pérennes. Nous montrons que la croissance de la productivité du travail est fortement dépendante de la croissance au sein des entreprises pérennes ; ensuite, pour la croissance de la productivité globale des facteurs, que les entrées jouent un rôle plus important, notamment en incorporant du capital plus performant ; enfin, que les disparitions d’entreprises expliquent la différence de croissance de l’emploi entre deux périodes de la décennie quatre-vingt-dix.

Suggested Citation

  • Amin El Basri & Said El Hamine & Richard Duhautois, 2007. "Croissance de la productivité et réallocations d'emplois au Maroc : la contribution des créations et disparitions d'entreprises," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 180(4), pages 175-187.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2007_num_180_4_7678
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2007.7678
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    Cited by:

    1. Aouatif El Fakir, 2010. "The State Role in Industries Development: Technological bias, Institutional Learning and Selective Policies
      [Le rôle de l'Etat dans l'industrialisation : biais technologique, apprentissage institut
      ," Working Papers hal-01511778, HAL.

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