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Incidences du mode de prélèvement des cotisations sociales

Listed author(s):
  • Béatrice Van Haeperen
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    [fre] Incidences du mode de prélèvement des cotisations sociales. Un modèle d'équilibre général avec revenu minimum Béatrice Van Haeperen La hausse des cotisations de sécurité sociale observée dans les années quatre-vingts et rendue nécessaire pour assurer la couverture d'un chômage croissant a pu constituer un frein à l'embauche. Dans un modèle d'équilibre général avec revenu réel minimum et cotisations sociales prélevées sur les salaires, sur le profit ou sur la valeur ajoutée, nous articulons la relation entre revenu minimum, assiette de prélèvement des cotisations sociales, salaire minimum et emploi et montrons que dissocier les prélèvements de cotisations sociales des salaires permettrait d'atteindre un niveau d'emploi plus élevé sans baisse du revenu disponible des travailleurs. Le passage d'un prélèvement sur les salaires à un prélèvement sur les profits ou sur la valeur ajoutée pourrait être utilisé comme instrument de résorption du chômage. Dans chaque cas, nous examinons l'impact sur le déficit budgétaire. [eng] The Effects of the Deduction Method Used for Social Security Contributions: A General Equilibrium Model with Minimum Income Béatrice Van Haeperen The increase in social security contributions observed in the 1980s and required to provide coverage for growing unemployment may have put a break on recruitment. Using a general equilibrium model with real minimum income and social security contributions deducted from wages, profits and value added, we set out the relation between minimum income, the basis of assessment for social security contributions, the minimum wage and employment. We also show that a higher level of employment could be attained without a drop in the work force's disposable income if social security contribution deductions were dissociated from wages. The switch from deductions from wages to deductions based on profits or value-added could be used to help bring down unemployment. We examine the effect of each case on the budget deficit.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 125 (1996)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 51-60

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1996_num_125_4_5806
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1996.5806
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