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Création, destruction d'emplois et chômage : le cas de la Belgique

  • Marc A. Van Audenrode
  • Benoît Mulkay

[eng] The Creation and Axing of Jobs and Unemployment : The Belgian Case, . by Benoît Mulkay and Marc A. Van Audenrode.. . This article uses a sample of over one thousand firms to present a number of results concerning the creation and axing of jobs in Belgium. These levels are lower than those observed in the United States. Actions take place mainly within the company and are barely influenced by aggregate or sectorial aspects. Theories traditionally produced to explain the differences in unemployment rates between European countries and the United States are tested. [ger] Die Schaffiing und Vernichtung von Arbeitsplätzen und die Auswirkungen auf die Arbeitslosigkeit: der Fall Belgiens, . von Benoît Mulkay und Marc A. van Audenrode.. . In diesem Artikel werden einige Ergebnisse präsentiert, zu denen man anhand einer Stichprobe von mehr als tausend Firmen hinsichtlich der Schaffung und Vernichtung von Arbeitsplätzen in Belgien gelangte. In beiden Fällen ist dort der Umfang soldier Maßnahmen geringer als in den Vereinigten Staaten. Diese im wesentlichen unternehmensspezifischen Bewegungen werden nur wenig von aggregierten oder sektoriellen Aspekten beeinflußt. Getestet werden Theorien, die gewöhnlich herangezogen werden, um die Unterschiede bei der Arbeitslosenquote zwischen den europäischen Ländern und den Vereinigten Staaten zu erklären. [spa] Creación, destrucción de empleos y desempleo : el caso de Bélgica, . por Benoît Mulkay y Marc A. Van Audenrode.. . Tomando como punto de partida una muestra de más de mil empresas, se presentan en este artículo algunos resultados relativos a las creaciones y destrucciones de empleos en Bélgica. Sus nivelés son inf eriores de aquellos comprobados para los Estados Unidos de América. Estos movimientos, fundamentalmente propios a la empresa, se ven muy poco influidos por los aspectos agregados o sectoriales. Se procede al ensayo de las teorías tradicionalmente invocadas para explicar las diferencias de porcentaje de desempleo entre los países europeos y los Estados Unidos de América. [fre] Création, destruction d'emplois et chômage : le cas de la Belgique, . par Benoît Mulkay, Marc A. Van Audenrode.. . Cet article présente, à partir d'un échantillon de plus de mille firmes, quelques résultats concernant les créations et les destructions d'emplois en Belgique. Leurs niveaux y sont inférieurs à ceux constatés aux États-Unis. Ces mouvements, essentiellement propres à l'entreprise, sont très peu influencés par des aspects agrégés ou sectoriels. Des théories traditionnellement invoquées pour expliquer les différences de taux de chômage entre les pays européens et les États-Unis sont testées.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecop.1993.5605
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File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/ecop_0249-4744_1993_num_108_2_5605/ecop_0249-4744_1993_num_108_2_5605.pdf?mode=light
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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 108 (1993)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 19-29

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1993_num_108_2_5605
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1993.5605
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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