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A relação entre proficiência e dispersão de idade na sala de aula: a influência do nível de qualificação do professor

Author

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  • Danielle Carusi Machado
  • Sergio Firpo
  • Gustavo Gonzaga

Abstract

Este artigo documenta a existência de uma relação negativa e significativa entre dispersão etária dentro das turmas e a proficiência individual em meio aos alunos do ensino básico, no Brasil. A ligação entre a defasagem idade-série da criança e a sua capacidade escolar é usualmente explicada por diversos fatores que influenciam o processo de formação educacional, já que tanto o descompasso idade-série de um aluno quanto a sua proficiência refletem dificuldades implícitas da vida da criança. Contudo, mostra-se neste texto que essa relação negativa entre dispersão etária das turmas/classes escolares e o aproveitamento individual pode ser mitigada pela presença de professores com altos níveis de certos atributos, tais como experiência de magistério e escolaridade. Este vínculo corrobora a hipótese de que quanto maior a dispersão de idade dentro da turma, as dificuldades de se implantar projetos comuns de aprendizado são mais expressivas, tendo em vista que há uma acentuada diversidade de interesses. Nestas condições, o papel do professor parece ser fundamental para minimizar o efeito negativo das diferenças sobre desempenho individual. The relationship between proficiency and within-class age dispersion: the influence of teacher’s qualificationss: the influence of teacher’s qualification :: In this article we show that among elementary school students in Brazil there is a negative and significant relationship between within-class age dispersion and pupil’s proficiency. The relationship between the age-grade delay and school proficiency is usually explained by several factors that influence the educational process, since both student’s age-grade and his/her proficiency reflect difficulties implicit in the child’s life. However, we show that the negative relation between within-class age dispersion and individual proficiency can be mitigated by the presence of teachers with high levels of certain attributes, such as teaching experience and years of schooling. This relationship supports the hypothesis that the greater the within-class age dispersion, the difficulties of implementing uni¬form learning projects are more significant, considering that there is a greater diversity of interests. Therefore, under those circumstances the role of the teacher in class seems to be essential to minimize any negative effect that age diversity may have on individual performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Danielle Carusi Machado & Sergio Firpo & Gustavo Gonzaga, 2013. "A relação entre proficiência e dispersão de idade na sala de aula: a influência do nível de qualificação do professor," Pesquisa e Planejamento Econômico - PPE, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada, vol. 43(3), pages 419-446, dez..
  • Handle: RePEc:ppe:ppeart:y:2013:v:43:i:3:p:419-446
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    Cited by:

    1. Rodrigues, Clarissa Guimarães & Rios-Neto, Eduardo Luiz Gonçalves & de Xavier Pinto, Cristine Campos, 2013. "Changes in test scores distribution for students of the fourth grade in Brazil: A relative distribution analysis for the years 1997–2005," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 227-242.

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