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Green Growth: An Environmental Technology Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Ghulam Samad

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)

  • Rabia Manzoor

    (Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), Islamabad)

Abstract

This research is focused on achieving green growth through an environmental technology approach. Developing environmental technology we examined four elements considering the enforcement of intellectual property rights (IPRs), research and development (R&D) expenditures, the size of the market capture by GDP and most importantly the environmental taxations. This study includes the 11 developed countries which are Austria, Australia, Canada, France, Japan, Finland, Germany, Sweden, U.K and U.S. Technology change can be better handled by panel data than by pure crosssection or pure time series. It can minimise the bias if we used the aggregate individuals or firms. Estimation techniques depend on short panel or long panel. This study used the Pooled Least Square estimation techniques like Fixed Effect Model (FEM) and random effect model (REM) for both balance period of 2000-2005 and unbalanced period from 1995-2005. The study concluded the policy formulation in making developed‘s climate resilient economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Ghulam Samad & Rabia Manzoor, 2011. "Green Growth: An Environmental Technology Approach," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 50(4), pages 471-490.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:50:y:2011:i:4:p:471-490
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    File URL: http://www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/2011/Volume4/471-490.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Rabia Manzoor & Ghulam Samad, 2013. "The Sustainable Green Growth Perspective of Pakistan: In the Context of Environment Friendly Technologies," CEECC Working Paper 2013:04, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Intellectual Property Rights; Foreign Direct Investment; Technology Licensing;

    JEL classification:

    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
    • F19 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Other
    • L24 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Contracting Out; Joint Ventures

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