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The Impact of Tax Policies on Economic Growth: Evidence from South-Asian Economies

Author

Listed:
  • Ihtsham Ul Haq Padda

    (FSES, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Islamabad)

  • Naeem Akram

    (Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad)

Abstract

The public policy instruments, such as tax rate changes, have different implications in exogenous (neoclassical) and endogenous growth theories. The neoclassical theory predicts that changes in a country’s tax structure should have only transitory impact on its long-run economic growth while endogenous growth theory argues that such changes may have an effect impact on the growth. This study tests whether tax policies conducted by Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka have transitory or permanent effect on their economic growth. The study finds transitory and negative effect of tax rate on the growth only for short-term but has no effect in the long-term. The tax rates in all these countries are low as compared to developed countries. Due to low tax rates these countries heavily depend on bond financing and foreign debt. In view of the findings of this study most important policy implication of the study is that to finance the budget and most of their revenue requirements should be financed with tax increases and if necessary bond financing should be contingent providing a guard against transitory shocks to the budget.

Suggested Citation

  • Ihtsham Ul Haq Padda & Naeem Akram, 2009. "The Impact of Tax Policies on Economic Growth: Evidence from South-Asian Economies," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 48(4), pages 961-971.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:48:y:2009:i:4:p:961-971
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. NANTOB, N'Yilimon, 2014. "Taxes and Economic Growth in Developing Countries : A Dynamic Panel Approach," MPRA Paper 61346, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Feb 2015.
    2. Naeem Akram, 2016. "Do Financial Sector Activities Affect Tax Revenue in Pakistan?," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 21(2), pages 153-169, July-Dec.
    3. Shafi, Maryam & Asghar, Zahid, 2015. "Tax Policy and Economic Growth: A Semi-Parametric Approach Using AMT," MPRA Paper 66662, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Mariuam SHAFI & Zahid ASGHAR & Saqlain RAZA, 2016. "Analyzing Tax Policy and Economic Growth by Using Semi-Parametric Approach," Journal of Economic and Social Thought, KSP Journals, vol. 3(4), pages 521-533, December.
    5. Ihtsham Padda, 2014. "On minimizing the welfare cost of fiscal policy: evidence from South Asia," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 48(3), pages 1553-1572, May.
    6. Ghulam Rasool Madni, 2013. "Instrumental Effects of Fiscal Policy for Pakistan Economy," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 16(50), pages 27-50, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Neoclassical Growth; Endogenous Growth; Fiscal Policy; Tax Smoothing;

    JEL classification:

    • H10 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - General
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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