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The Dynamics of Moonlighting in Pakistan


  • Asma Hyder

    (Economics Department at the NUST Business School, Islamabad)

  • Ather Maqsood Ahmed

    (Economics Department at the NUST Business School, Islamabad)


The study explores the dynamics of moonlighting, demographics, human capital and association of occupations between primary and secondary job. The paper is based on cross-section data Labour Force Survey 2006-07 and limited to male wage workers residing in urban areas. Among two motives according to theoretical framework of moonlighting; first, constraint on hours worked in first job and second is wage rate is lower than the reservation wage in the primary occupation; within limited information available on different variables our results are skewed toward first motive and earnings from the primary occupation are insignificant in moonlighting decision. The model specification also attempts to correct the endogenous regressor in probit estimation. Among moonlighters ‘Professionals ’ and ‘Technicians’ are holding their secondary job in same occupational category; apart from these two occupational categories managers and elementary occupations also seems popular for moonlighting.

Suggested Citation

  • Asma Hyder & Ather Maqsood Ahmed, 2009. "The Dynamics of Moonlighting in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 48(4), pages 497-507.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:48:y:2009:i:4:p:497-507

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    More about this item


    Moonlighting; Labour Mobility; Occupational Association;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity


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