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Milk, Fodder, and the Green Revolution: The Case of Mixed Farming in the Pakistan Punjab


  • Takashi Kurosaki

    (Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo.)


This paper analyses household decisions in producing cereal crops, green fodder crops, and milk, for the case of mixed farming in the Pakistan Punjab. In the Punjab agriculture, increased household income and increased yields of cereal crops after the Green Revolution have resulted in the growing importance of milk in household economy. Using a sensitivity analysis based on a household model of crop choices under uncertainty, this paper emphasises the constraint that fodder represents for further increases in food-grain output. Results show that the welfare cost of production risk is significant, it is higher for land-poor households, and its significant part is attributable to green fodder price risk. The welfare and supply effects of more elastic fodder demand and increased fodder yields are investigated. These innovations in fodder technology are suggested to have a higher potential to improve household welfare and to induce a robust supply response of cereal crops with respect to their prices, than a crop insurance scheme to hedge against yield risk.

Suggested Citation

  • Takashi Kurosaki, 1996. "Milk, Fodder, and the Green Revolution: The Case of Mixed Farming in the Pakistan Punjab," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 35(4), pages 537-548.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:35:y:1996:i:4:p:537-548

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bashir Ahmad & Ali Muhammad Chaudhry, 1987. "Profitability of Pakistan's Agriculture," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 26(4), pages 457-469.
    2. M. Ghaffar Chaudhry, 1995. "Recent Input-Output Price Policy in Pakistan's Agriculture: Effects on Producers and Consumers," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 34(1), pages 1-23.
    3. Johnston, Bruce F & Cownie, John, 1969. "The Seed-Fertilizer Revolution and Labor Force Absorption," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(4), pages 569-582, Part I Se.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rashida Haq, 2012. "Shocks as a Source of Vulnerability: An Empirical Investigation from Pakistan," Poverty and Social Dynamics Paper Series 2012:06, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.

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