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Mobile Phones, Financial Inclusion, and Growth

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  • Mihasonirina Andrianaivo
  • Kangni Kpodar

Abstract

This paper assesses the impact of mobile phone rollout on economic growth in a sample of African countries from 1988 to 2007. Further, in light of the large financial infrastructure gap in African countries, we investigate whether mobile phone development fosters economic growth through better financial inclusion. In estimating the impact of mobile phone development on growth, we use mobile penetration rate as well as the cost of mobile local calls to capture mobile phone diffusion, while financial inclusion is measured by the number of deposits or loans per head. Using the System Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimator to address endogeneity issues, the results confirm that mobile phone development contributes significantly to economic growth in African countries. Part of the positive effect of mobile phone penetration on growth comes from greater financial inclusion.

Suggested Citation

  • Mihasonirina Andrianaivo & Kangni Kpodar, 2012. "Mobile Phones, Financial Inclusion, and Growth," Review of Economics and Institutions, Università di Perugia, vol. 3(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:pia:review:v:3:y:2012:i:2:n:4
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    Cited by:

    1. T.D. Stanley & Chris Doucouliagos & Piers Steel, 2015. "Does ICT Generate Economic Growth? A Meta-Regression Analysis," Economics Series 2015_9, Deakin University, Faculty of Business and Law, School of Accounting, Economics and Finance.
    2. repec:lje:journl:v:22:y:2017:i:sp:p:251-281 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Douzounet Mallaye & Gaëlle Tatiana Timba & Urbain Thierry Yogo, 2015. "Oil Rent and Income Inequality in Developing Economies: Are They Friends or Foes?," Working Papers halshs-01100843, HAL.
    4. Agyekum, Francis & Locke, Stuart & Hewa-Wellalage, Nirosha, 2016. "Financial Inclusion and Digital Financial Services: Empirical evidence from Ghana," MPRA Paper 82885, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 May 2017.
    5. Gaëlle Tatiana TIMBA & Douzounet MALLAYE & Urbain Thierry YOGO, 2015. "Oil Rent and Income Inequality in Developing Economies: Are They Friends or Foes?," Working Papers 201502, CERDI.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ICT; mobile financial services; economic growth; Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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