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Rizal’s Morga and insights into pre-Hispanic institutions and trade


  • Tina S. Clemente

    (Asian Center, University of the Philippines Diliman)


This essay demonstrates how Rizal’s annotations of Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas can be used even today to derive insights useful for investigating pre-Hispanic economic and political institutions. This is done through a close reading of three broad topics treated by Rizal: first, the notion of a “confederation” of chiefs and the complexity of polities; second, the character of precolonial law and enforcement; and third, the engagement of pre-Hispanic polities in international trade. Finally the role of indigenously produced goods in the dynamics of chiefly rulership and foreign trade is discussed. The essay provides an analysis of the potential of pre-Hispanic research and possible directions for future efforts.

Suggested Citation

  • Tina S. Clemente, 2011. "Rizal’s Morga and insights into pre-Hispanic institutions and trade," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 48(2), pages 117-150, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:phs:prejrn:v:48:y:2011:i:2:p:117-150

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ernesto M. Pernia, et al., 2011. "Population, Poverty, Politics and the Reproductive Health Bill," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 201101, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
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    More about this item


    Rizal; Morga; pre-Hispanic; chiefly polities;

    JEL classification:

    • N01 - Economic History - - General - - - Development of the Discipline: Historiographical; Sources and Methods
    • N45 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Asia including Middle East
    • N75 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Asia including Middle East
    • Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General


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